redleaf Water Introduces Biodegradable and Recyclable Water Bottles

Canadian company, redleaf Water, introduces the first biodegradable and recyclable water bottle.

One of the strongest arguments many consumers make against bottled water is the massive amount of waste that ends up clogging our waterways when bottles are discarded as litter. To counter this problem, redleaf Water, a Canadian based, premium bottled water company, recently released what they’re calling “the industry’s first biodegradable and recyclable water bottle.”

redleaf Water's bio bottle is fully recyclable, though the cap and label so far are not.

It’s not a perfect answer. Redleaf Water’s bottle biodegrades in landfills over slightly less than four years in most conditions, according to marketing manager Patrick Hillis. But four years is much better than the predicted hundreds, or perhaps thousands, of years that some researchers claim.

“The bottle can also be recycled regularly,” Hillis explains. “It won’t harm any of the other plastics.”

Hillis’ statement is important, as the primary difficulty with recycling naturally biodegradable water bottles has been the contamination of other plastic recyclables, according to some sources.

To create their biodegradable and recyclable bottles, redleaf’s bottle manufacturer adds organic matter that gives it its biodegradability, according to Hillis. He adds that redleaf, which launched in 2008, wanted to create this product because so many plastics end up in landfills and they don’t break down at all. Around 74 percent of plastic bottles end up somewhere besides the recycling bin, according to statistics he shared with Blue Planet Green Living.

Making the bottle biodegradable is just a start. Currently, the company is conducting tests to make the cap, label, and exterior packaging biodegradable as well.

“Eventually we would like to have a full package that is completely biodegradable,” Hillis says.

The product was introduced in January and is currently available across Canada. In the U.S., redleaf Water is sold at select retailers in the Western states, including more than 100 Albertsons stores. The company plans to expand across the country as demand increases. So far, the product is selling well.

“We’re contacted a lot by the eastern U.S. for the product, from places like yoga studios,” Hillis says.

He adds that the company believes in selling a premium productm but not at a premium price. One liter bottles sell for $1.40 to $1.80, and a 12 pack of half-liter bottles sells for $4.99 to $5.99.

The water that fills these bottles is produced in an environmentally friendly way as well. It’s bottled right at the facility in Chilliwack, British Columbia, eliminating the cost of transporting the water to a bottling facility. It also comes from a renewable artesan aquifer located beneath the facility—a very pure source, according to Hillis.

Hillis is proud of the company’s biodegradable water bottles and describes them as “super popular” so far.

“We believe this will be the tipping point in moving forward for the company,” says Hillis.

Brigette Fanning

Contributing Writer

Blue Planet Green Living (Home Page)

Product Review – Eco Canteen Water Bottle

Eco Canteen bottles and totes. Photo: Eco Canteen

From time to time, Blue Planet Green Living (BPGL) gets offers of sample products that people would like us to review. The products (full disclosure alert!) are complimentary, so you should know that at the outset. But there are no strings attached. No one is paying us to say nice things. And no one can dissuade us from saying a product stinks, if we believe it’s true.

If you are considering purchasing this product based on my review, please read this: The first time I tried to contact customer service, I was extremely disappointed — and especially dismayed by reports from dissatisfied readers. The good news is, the president of the company reports having added to their customer service staff in the past week (end of July). He adds, “Our goal is to be able to respond to everyone’s questions or concerns in a prompt and efficient manner.” And as far as I can tell, that’s exactly how each complaint by our readers has been handled. I applaud the company’s efforts to improve, and I continue to support the quality of their product. — Julia Wasson, Publisher

12/30/09 — Since this review was published, we have received dozens of complaints about Eco Canteen, though they have subsided over the past couple of months. If you purchased an Eco Canteen as a result of reading this review and then were dissatisfied with your purchase, please let us know. We’ll do our best to help you get satisfaction. We’ve also received some rave reviews. If you are a happy EcoCanteen customer, please let others know by posting your comments here.

Eco Canteen

The Eco Canteen is a 26-oz. stainless steel water bottle that I’ve been carting around with me for weeks. This is the perfect antidote to plastic water bottles, as any of you metal-bottle-toting water lovers already know. It sits next to my computer in the daytime, on my nightstand while I sleep, and in my car when I travel.

The bottle has a wide mouth that’s perfect for dropping in ice cubes, for taking big gulps, and for washing. (It’s also supposed to be dishwasher safe, though I’ve washed mine by hand.) I’ve found the wide mouth a little risky for taking quick drinks, though, as water sometimes dribbles a little down my chin when I’m in a hurry. What I really appreciate is that the lid screws on tightly between sips. I’m not the most graceful person in the world, and I’ve knocked over a glass or two in my day. The screw-on lid makes this water bottle safe near electronics and impossible to spill if I knock it over it while reaching for the lamp on my nightstand in the darkness of my bedroom.

Even a klutz can't spill a metal bottle with a secure screw top. Photo: J. Wasson

Even a klutz can't spill a metal bottle with a secure screw top. Photo: J. Wasson

Last fall, my daughter, Lindsay, a university student, purchased a smaller metal water bottle from a local sporting goods store for just under $20. Her bottle has a pull top that was hard to pull up for the first few months and, now that pulling the tip up is easy, it no longer seals well. The small opening also requires her to suck hard to get any liquid out, as there’s only a tiny air intake to compensate for the water that flows out of the bottle into her mouth.

For her birthday in February, she asked for a new, stainless steel water bottle with a screw-on top. No problem! We had just received two Eco Canteens. Lindsay got her own stainless steel bottle to review, complete with a zippered, insulated tote. She loves the wide mouth, which prevents her from making embarrassing sucking noises when she takes a drink of water in class.

The EcoCanteen also comes with a carabinier clasp to secure it to a student’s backpack or, in my case, a laptop bag. That may sound odd — to hook a water bottle to a laptop bag. It’s pretty much counter intuitive to attach something that holds liquid to something that runs on electricity — and contains nearly your entire brain. But the secure, screw-top lid is a huge safety feature that I can count on (as long as I remember to screw it on tightly). And this bottle will never crack or break.

We’re all trying to get away from plastic in our drink containers, but this has a plastic lid. I wondered, is there BHA in this plastic? So I checked with Trish, my contact at Eco Canteen. Here’s what she said, “We use # 5 PP plastic in our lids, which has been found to be the most innate of all plastics with no known leaching characteristics. No BPA.” Great news!

On my way to the Kirkwood Community College Earth Day event recently, I tightly screwed on the lid, clipped my Eco Canteen to my laptop bag (which is like an overgrown purse with a flat bottom, so it stands up) and secured the bottle upright. That gave me even greater security that no water would leak.

Once, when I had several things to carry downstairs, I clipped it to my belt loop. (Do hikers really do that?) That was convenient for a short-term solution, but I wouldn’t recommend traveling that way, as it bounced and thumped against my side.

I use my Eco Canteen all around the house. Photo: J. Wasson

I use my Eco Canteen all around the house. Photo: J. Wasson

At only $9.99 plus $5.95 shipping and handling (within the US, I assume), this bottle is a super deal for the money. As a rough estimate, if I calculate $1 per plastic bottle of water and consider that I have consumed at least 1 bottle a day for the past two months (this is a really conservative estimate), then I would have spent at least $60 for bottled water in that time. If I’d paid the retail price for the Eco Canteen, the bottle would have paid for itself with what I’d saved in 15 days. And every day that I use it instead of buying bottled water (which I won’t do anyway), I continue to save money.

There’s an optional, free, insulated tote you can get for your water bottle from the website. Lindsay uses hers on occasion to keep water cool during class. I haven’t used mine yet, but will definitely use it during the summer to keep the bottle from sweating. Be aware, though, that the “free” tote costs an extra $4.95 for shipping and handling. You can also choose to purchase a “kids size bottle” — which looks like it might fit in a child’s lunchbox — at $8.95 plus shipping. It also has a zippered tote available, for the additional shipping charge.

The Upshot

While my exposure to metal water bottles is admittedly limited (this is the only one I have used), the Eco Canteen is a great bargain for the cost. I’ve used mine day and night for more than two months, and I’ll keep using it for years to come. It’s another small step in the direction of sustainability and green living. Do I recommend the Eco Canteen? You bet.

Julia Wasson

Blue Planet Green Living (Home Page)

Beverage Container Laws Expanding in Several States

When bottled water first appeared on product shelves, I initially thought it was a waste of money. I held off for a long time. Eventually, like many of you, I saw the relatively small investment as a fair exchange for the convenience of portability. It was an attractive lure. I bit. And I bought. And bought. And bought.

Millions of beverage bottles end up littering our landscape.

Millions of beverage bottles end up littering the landscape. Photo: Fotolia © Irata

Now that I’m deeply steeped in environmental issues, I have come to understand the disaster of bottled water. Aside from questions about the quality of the water and the safety of the plastic bottles themselves — significant issues, for sure — there’s the problem of waste. Millions of plastic water bottles get tossed in our waterways, lie smashed on our roads, litter our green spaces, or end up in our landfills. In the best-case scenario, they get recycled into other products.

But recycling is less frequent than one might think. When most container laws (often referred to as “bottle bills”) were first enacted about a quarter of a century ago, personal-sized bottled water was unheard of. (If there was such a thing, it’s safe to say that the majority of consumers didn’t know about it.) Today, water bottles and other non-carbonated beverage containers make up a huge proportion of the beverage-container waste stream.

In the US, only 11 states have bottle laws at all, and fewer still include water and other non-carbonated beverage containers. With so many states as hold-outs, you might well wonder whether container recycling laws are effective. Do they keep trash off the roads? Do they have any other economic or environmental benefits to the states that have them? Consider this statement from a New York State Department of Environmental Conservation press release (January 21, 2009):

“Since the original Bottle Bill was enacted in 1982 requiring a five-cent deposit on beer and carbonated drinks, roadside litter has been reduced 70 percent. More than 90 billion containers and 6 million tons of glass, aluminum and plastic have been recycled, resulting in saving more than 50 million barrels of oil and eliminating 5 million metric tons of greenhouse gases – a sum equal to getting 600,000 cars off the road for one year.”

But that’s just recycling of beer and carbonated beverage containers. What about adding water, juice, and tea containers as well? Does expanding the law make much of a difference? Do consumers actually make the effort to turn in their empty water bottles, juice bottles, or energy-drink cans?


A financial incentive encourages consumers to return their empty bottles, rather than litter them. Photo: Fotolia © Sasha


For the past two days, I’ve been researching which states currently have bottle laws and, of those, which include water and other non-carbonated beverages. Four states that I know of have included water bottles in their bottle laws: Hawaii, Oregon, Connecticut, and Maine.

I asked Amelia Hicks, Environmental Health Specialist for Hawaii‘s Department of Health about her state’s deposit beverage container program. She said, “We’re working to capture as many beverage containers as Hawaii’s Bottle Bill will allow for redemption, including new energy drinks and workout beverages. By providing a financial incentive to encourage recycling, the Program effectively diverts millions [of] beverage containers away from the waste stream each year. Hawaii’s Bottle Bill law currently includes containers for beer, mixed spirits, mixed wine, coffee & teas, carbonated soft drinks, and water. In general, we are finding that water bottles make up a large portion of the plastic bottles being recycled at the redemption centers. Our redemption rate for 2008 was 72%, a large portion of which may be water bottles.”

Peter Spendelow, Environmental Specialist at the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality said, “Water bottles are covered under Oregon’s Beverage Container Act, but only since January 1, 2009. The amendment was passed as a compromise between those who wanted to add containers for juices, teas, energy drinks, and the like, and those who did not want to add any containers at all.” Another work session is scheduled for Thursday of this week to once again discuss proposed amendments to the container law.

Ilicia Balaban, Issue Associate for Connecticut Public Interest Research Group (PIRG) told me that the governor recently signed legislation expanding the state’s container law to include bottled water. The law goes into effect April 1 of this year.

According to the Maine Department of Agriculture website, the state’s bottle laws apply to all beverages. “ ‘Beverage’ means beer, ale or other drink produced by fermenting malt, spirits, wine, wine coolers, soda or non-carbonated water and all nonalcoholic carbonated or non-carbonated drinks in liquid form and intended for internal human consumption, except for unflavored rice milk, unflavored soy milk, milk and dairy-derived products…. Maine was one of the first of eleven states in the country to have a Returnable Beverage Container Law.  When one looks at the history of success with the Bottle Bill, one cannot help but wonder why it isn’t a standard rather than an exception.”


The other seven states that have long-standing bottle bill laws do not include water bottles at this time, though legislation is pending in several states:

Water bottles make up a large proportion of the trash we dispose of every day. Photo: Fotolia © kolesn

In Delaware, Bill Miller of the DNREC Solid Waste & Hazardous Waste Management told me, “Our bottle bill is 25 years old, and a lot has changed since it was written. Today, a big percentage of the market is water, juice, and tea bottles. I haven’t seen any draft legislation, but this is something we talk about a lot. I would like to see these items included in our Beverage Container Regulation.”

Greg Cooper, Director of Consumer Programs at the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection informed me that, in his latest budget, the governor proposed to expand the 1983 bottle statute to include containers for water, juice, teas, and other non-carbonated beverages. The Legislature must approve it, of course, but the hope is that the expansion will become law in July.

Vermont has no pending legislation regarding non-carbonated beverage containers, according to Cathy Stacy, an administrator with the state’s Solid Waste Division.

Howard Heideman, Administrator, Tax Analysis Division, Office of Revenue and Tax Analysis, Michigan Department of Treasury, told me by email, “Michigan‘s container deposit law applies only [to] carbonated beverages. Legislation has been introduced to include non-carbonated beverages: Senate Bill 54, sponsored by Sen. Michael Switalski. Last year, Rep. Mark Meadows introduced a similar bill, and may reintroduce it this year.”

Bill Blum, Program Planner for Iowa‘s Department of Natural Resources, reports that HF 150 proposes expanding Iowa’s existing container law to include water bottles, glass tea bottles, power drink containers, and other non-carbonated beverages. “The bill is no longer viable because of legislative deadlines. It was assigned to a subcommittee on February 2nd. Anything can happen, but there’s not a lot of activity on it right now,” he said.

That brings me back to New York and that January 21, 2009 press release I mentioned:

“New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) Commissioner Pete Grannis today urged support of the ‘Bigger Better Bottle Bill,’ saying it would reduce litter, keep million[s] of containers out of our landfills, help in the fight against global warming and generate badly needed revenue.

“Grannis noted that a flaw in the current law is that the five-cent deposit applies only to beer and carbonated beverages. In his 2009-10 Executive Budget, Governor Paterson has proposed expanding the law to apply to non-carbonated beverages.

” ‘It makes no sense to continue to differentiate these containers based on their contents — especially with non-carbonated drinks now making up more than one-quarter of the beverage market,’ Grannis said. ‘An expanded bottle bill also will keep New York’s roadsides, waterways and parks cleaner. Right now, too many plastic and glass containers end up as trash in our parks, playgrounds, rivers and lakes. And this problem will continue to grow as people buy more water and sports drinks.’

“Grannis cited a 2005 study by the Onondaga County Resource Recovery Agency that found that while 80 percent of plastic soda bottles are recycled, just 16 percent of plastic water bottles are recovered.”


If you’ve read this far, you’re probably already a supporter of bottle bills. You know, as I do, that a water bottle is essentially no different than a plastic soda bottle. It still becomes litter when thrown on the ground. It still breaks down into minute particles that add to water pollution and kill tiny sea life. It still required precious resources in its manufacture.

For years, only a few states have had bottle laws on their books, but change is coming. In addition to the revisions proposed regarding which types of containers are covered, several additional states are working to pass new bottle bills: Florida, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Tennessee, and West Virginia.

Floating bottles eventually break down to microscopic particles and kill sea life.

Floating bottles eventually break down to microscopic particles that kill tiny sea life. Photo: © sasha -

If you’re a resident of a state (or nation) that currently has a bottle law, be sure to thank your legislators. Let them know you support keeping the laws in place — and applaud those who have had the wisdom to revise the law to include water, juice, tea, and energy drinks.

But what if you don’t have a bottle law in place? You can still take action. Start by learning all you can about the bottle laws in other locales. A great site for a state-by-state and country-by-country overview is To be sure you have the latest scoop, however, contact your state officials directly. (To those of you in other countries, my apologies that this post is so self-focused. Feel free to write and let us know about your own laws.) Then let your legislators know what you want: a bottle bill that covers all types of beverage containers.

There’s even a growing movement to create a national bottle bill, which would simplify the redemption process and improve litter across the country. Want to find out more? Check Care2‘s petition site. Then take action. Sign the petition. Let your senators and representatives know that you support a nationwide bottle bill. (You do — don’t you?)

Julia Wasson

Blue Planet Green Living (Home Page)