Saving Dolphins

Dolphins deserve to live in the wild, not in captivity. Photo: © petrock - Fotolia.com

When the Oscar award-winning film, The Cove, was released last year, I resisted seeing it. The trailers upset me. I anticipated that the film would be emotionally devastating. I love dolphins. I have warm memories of watching the television program Flipper as a child. I’ve been thrilled to see a pod of dolphins playfully dive in and out of the water as they passed by a time-share condo in Florida that I once shared with my grandmother and my sister.

I’ve experienced a combination of emotions when seeing dolphins perform in various aquariums around North America: joy, sadness, curiosity, concern. I’ve sat by the window in the subterranean viewing area of our Vancouver Aquarium, watching the Pacific white-sided dolphins swim up to the window and wondering at how healthy and happy they are in their bleak enclosure.

I finally was convinced by my teenage son to watch The Cove this week. We downloaded it from our cable provider, and my son, husband and I sat down to watch it together. It was even more emotionally devastating than I had anticipated.

By the time the film was over, I felt completely emotionally overwhelmed. There were deep, deep sobs heaving within me, threatening to engulf me, but I wanted to debrief the film with my son. So I released a few tears and took a few deep breaths. We talked first of all about the dolphins in our local aquarium.

My son had questions: “Where did those dolphins come from?” “Is it okay to watch them do their shows?” I didn’t have the answers, but told him I would contact the aquarium to find out. (Although their public relations office has responded to my calls and emails, they have yet to schedule a conversation or meeting with us.)

The three of us (husband, son, and I) flipped open our Mac laptops and logged onto The Cove’s website for more information. My son and I both signed the online petition, and joined The Cove’s Facebook page. We’re now competing to see which of us can encourage more of our FB friends to join the cause.  (You can support the campaign—well, my part of the campaign — on this Facebook page.)

Our conversation took some interesting paths. My son asked if the Japanese fishermen were “stupid.” We talked about the difference between ignorance and stupidity, and explored cultural differences. We talked about what rural Hindus in India would think about our North American fast-food hamburger culture, and what some Canadians and others around the world think about the Canadian seal hunt.

But our conversation then came back to the question of what we could do in addition to our Facebook cause campaign. Should we continue to visit our local aquarium, and other aquariums around the world? The producers of The Cove had raised our awareness that the demand for “show dolphins” and the popularity of swimming with dolphins in captivity were contributing to the slaughter of over 20,000 dolphins annually. So, is any dolphin in captivity a “bad thing”?

The Association of Zoos and Aquariums claims that 150 million people annually visit their AZA-accredited zoos and aquariums. They also state that there are 1,236 marine mammals in their facilities. They don’t specify how many of these are dolphins, how many were captured, or how many were born into captivity. Is there a difference? In response to the question, “Is it okay to watch dolphin shows created with dolphins born into captivity?” The Cove filmmakers have responded, “It is the same question slave owners asked about children born into slavery.”

Should dolphins be in captivity at all? Both Humane Society International and the Humane Society of the United States have gone on the record to say a clear NO. They adamantly state that by attending dolphin shows or by participating in “swim-with-the-dolphin” activities, we are endorsing the capture of dolphins from the wild — and helping ensure it continues.

Back in Taji, Japan, the town where much of The Cove was filmed, there are some positive changes taking place since the movie was released. Although dolphins are still being caught for sale to aquariums, several dozen of the dolphins captured in September 2009 were reportedly released rather than killed. Yet, the town’s fishermen continue to claim that the hunt is part of their tradition and not much different than hunting deer for sport or raising cattle for meat.
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According to “L.A. Unleashed” in the Los Angeles Times, the mayor’s office has also claimed that many of The Cove’s assertions are not based on science. An associate professor at Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Tetsuya Endo, is profiled in the film and claims he was interviewed under false pretenses. He and Hisato Ryono, a local councilman who also appears in the film, have requested that the footage involving them be removed. Endo is reported to be considering legal action.

The film is scheduled to be released in Japan in June of 2010 and has received mixed reviews there following a screening at a Tokyo film festival.

The Cove has also generated controversy in the Western town of Broome, Australia, sister city of Taji, Japan since 1981. The two cities have historic ties, as many Japanese immigrants were involved in the development of Broome’s pearl diving industry. Over 900 Japanese pearl divers perished during dives, an unknown number more died at sea.

Broome is an eco-tourism location, and following the international outcry and national pressure generated by The Cove, the town council voted to sever ties with their sister city in August of 2009. Three councilors opposed this decision, and a special meeting was called, with ties eventually being restored between the two cities. Broome officials have pledged to support Taji in developing alternative economic solutions to the current dolphin hunt.

The Cove has raised issues other than the slaughter of dolphins, and whether or not dolphins belong in captivity. The movie also explores the high levels of mercury in dolphin flesh, and the flesh of other high-on-the-food-chain marine life. This will be part of the focus of The Cove’s director Louie Psihoyos’s next film, currently entitled The Singing Planet. Psihoyos states, “It’s not just about saving dolphins. It’s about saving humans.”

Watching this movie has shifted my thinking about my future interactions with aquariums. In the past, I’ve watched many dolphin shows at aquariums all over North America. The knowledge that my choice, made from a place of ignorance, has been even a small part of the horrific slaughter of these beautiful creatures deeply disturbs me. I will never again find any pleasure in a trained dolphin show.

For More Information

Association of Zoos and Aquariums: Statistics

Born Free: Whales in Captivity

Born Free: Dolphins in Captivity

Humane Society International: Marine Mammals in Captivity

Huffington Post: “Japanese Town in ‘The Cove’ Setting Dolphins Free”

http://www.mnn.com/green-tech/research-innovations/blogs/broome-sparks-international-controversy-over-the-cove

Green Cuisine: Understanding Organic and Natural Cooking

When Chef Matthew J. Goudge says that a green cuisine is as delicious as it is good for you, you’ll be wise to listen. Chef Matthew is widely known and respected as a talented organic chef and an industry leader. Having cooked professionally in St. Lucia, Malaysia, China, Austria, Australia, and England, Chef Matthew’s view is that the world is an interconnected place where all should benefit from each other’s knowledge. In his blog, ProChef360, he invites professional chefs from around the world to join in an open forum, sharing their ideas, their tips, their wisdom, their food photos, and their frustrations. We’re pleased to carry on that tradition by sharing Chef Matthew’s thoughts on organic foods and natural cooking.

Matthew J. Goudge, Executive Chef

Matthew J. Goudge, Executive Chef

Although there are many reasons why people should opt for organic foods and natural cooking, there is no better reason than the fact that a “green cuisine” is healthier. Generally, the term organic refers to foods that are free from chemical fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, or any other artificial additives. Organic foods are packed with vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that are vital to your health. Using organic foods with natural cooking methods ensures that your body will receive all the nutrients it needs to stay strong and healthy.

And let’s not forget that organic foods are free of chemical additives and sprays, which can distort foods’ natural flavors as well as harm your health. When you consider the benefits of preparing and cooking meals that are packed with nutrients, you definitely have nothing to lose with a green cuisine.

CERTIFIED ORGANIC

In order to be assured about the authenticity of your organic purchases, it is important to check that they are labeled “certified organic.” This means that the products you buy were grown in accordance with the standards set by appropriate government agencies. This is especially important if you are buying meat. By getting certified meat, you are assured that you won’t be eating meat from animals that have been fed genetically modified feed.

And when you choose organically produced meat and dairy products, you won’t be eating meats exposed to antibiotics or growth hormones. Children are especially vulnerable to the effects of the milk produced from dairy cows injected with bovine growth hormone (BGH), a practice that has raised health questions for both cows and humans. Use of the hormone has been banned in Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the European Union.

Barbairie Duck by Chef Matthew

Chef Matthew's barbairie duck. Photo: Matthew J. Goudge

But even growers of organic foods occasionally need to use chemicals. It might be necessary to use a pesticide to save a crop from an infestation of insects, for example. Taking this into consideration, it may be more appropriate to describe organic foods as foods grown and marketed without substantial use of the chemicals traditionally used in large-scale food production. This being said, the use of chemicals is tightly regulated for certified organic farmland.

To be absolutely sure your foods are organic, you can opt to grow them yourself. If you have a large space where you can grow your own vegetable and herb garden, you may even discover you have “green fingers” [a.k.a. “a green thumb,” in the U.S.]. In truth, you don’t need a huge space. Even people living in apartments may find a small, sunny spot where they can naturally grow organic herbs, spices, and vegetables. And if your fingers aren’t so green? There’s an abundance of articles, books and online resources to guide you.

BUYING ORGANIC FOODS HELPS THE ENVIRONMENT

Organic farming is sustainable agriculture, because organic farmers take care to ensure that they do not strip the soil of its natural nutrients. When you opt for organic foods, you help conserve the soil by keeping it from being depleted through commercial farming practices. Older people may recall how dark the soil used to be, and how alive it once was with microorganisms and worms. But the soil on much of today’s farmland is virtually dead, its lifeblood poisoned by years of harmful chemical additives.

Fresh, organically grown vegetables. Photo: Matthew J. Goudge.

Fresh, organically grown vegetables. Photo: Matthew J. Goudge

Another way organic farmers replenish the soil is by growing a variety of crops, rather than just one or two year after year. This diversity helps in maintaining the health of the soil. Farming organically also helps protect the waterways from harmful chemical runoff, preventing yet another environmental hazard.

When you ask for organically grown foods, you help raise environmental awareness in your community. And you help promote green living and the benefits of a green cuisine.

SHOPPING FOR ORGANIC INGREDIENTS

When shopping for organic foods, be conscious of your choices. Although imported organic foods are now available at many grocery stores, consider buying from local organic farmers. Many communities have food co-ops and farmers’ markets, which make it easy to shop locally. And buying local organic foods helps promote your community’s economy.

While it may be interesting and fun to try out organic and exotic products imported from Asian or South American countries, you will help the environment more if you support growers in your local area. Buying locally reduces gas emissions and fuel consumption during transportation over long distances. And when you get your organic ingredients from local farmers, you will have access to the freshest food choices and a menu that changes with the seasons.

Bombay-seasoned king prawn. Photo: Matthew J. Goudge.

Bombay-seasoned king prawn. Photo: Matthew J. Goudge

It’s always best to check with your local organic farmers first before buying organic ingredients and products elsewhere. Yet, there will be times when you need to resort to other organic food sources. If your local organic resources are lacking or out of season, you can turn to the Internet for the ingredients you need.

Online shopping has made access to specific organic ingredients relatively easy. You only have to key the name of the ingredients into your favorite search engine, such as Google or Yahoo, and you’ll likely get thousands of hits in seconds. You can type in “buy organic cooking herbs” or “buy organic spices,” and you’ll end up with numerous online stores. Just make sure that you carefully choose your online store and are comfortable with their return policy before you purchase anything.

NATURAL COOKING

Mixed Baby Leaf Salad by Chef Matthew

Chef Matthew's mixed baby-leaf salad. Photo: Matthew J. Goudge

Although organic foods are essential to a green cuisine, natural cooking is not just about the ingredients you use. A truly green cuisine refers to cooking in a sustainable way. It’s about adopting “conservative” and “preservative” methods. For instance, choosing to use leftover broths as a soup base is a conservative method of cooking. Delegating unused vegetable scraps to the compost pile or to a vermiculture bin are ways to conserve food by keeping it out of the landfill and cooperating with nature’s processes. And the result provides organic soil for your flower gardens.

Natural cooking is also about adopting conservative methods in the kitchen and the dining room. Choose recyclable kitchen materials. Buy foods with minimal or recyclable packaging. Reuse or recycle empty glass or plastic bottles. Use cloth, rather than disposable napkins, and make other sustainable choices as you serve your delicious and healthful green cuisine.

TIPS FOR EASY ORGANIC AND NATURAL COOKING

Here are some tips to help you make the transition to a green cuisine:

  • Iodized salt is good, but it’s not organic. It has been processed. Natural sea salt is definitely the better choice, though you will notice a distinct difference in flavor.

    Phyllo Tart by Chef Matthew

    Chef Matthew's phyllo tart. Photo: Matthew J. Goudge

  • Have a small garden at hand. You can reuse old dish tubs, buckets, or other leak-proof castoffs to create planters for small herb gardens. Not only will you be able to save on your grocery bill, you will also have ready access to delicious organic herbs for flavoring your food.
  • Go all-out-organic with your ingredients. This includes the herbs, spices, flour, butter, oil and practically everything you use in cooking meals. There is a huge difference in taste between processed butter and milk and their organic counterparts. Cows that produce organic dairy products are BGH-free and eat only organic grass.
  • When buying organic products and ingredients, do not rely on the packaging stating that the product is “organic.” Look for a certification seal from a reputable certifying agency. This means that the organic food product passed the standards set by the appropriate regulating agency.
  • Adopt traditional cooking methods (stove top and oven) as much as you can. Avoid using the microwave. Traditional methods of cooking do a much better job of retaining the natural taste of organic foods.
  • Use only healthy preservatives. Avoid using preservatives at all, if you can. But when you have to preserve jams or other foods for future use, make sure that you use healthier natural food preservation methods.

    Sweet Potato Ravioli by Chef Matthew

    Chef Matthew's sweet potato ravioli. Photo: Matthew J. Goudge.

  • A true organic kitchen requires nearly all organic ingredients. Don’t let the enormity of the task overwhelm you. It’s a target to aim for, but every change makes a difference, no matter how small.
  • When eating organically, there is no longer any need to buy expensive liquids (often called “veggie wash”) to try to clean off the unwanted toxins before feeling it’s safe to eat those fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Be prepared for a little more effort. For a truly green cuisine, you’ll have to avoid the luxury of using cheaper, prepared, artificially preserved ingredients.

GREENING THE CUISINE IN YOUR RESTAURANT

Organic cooking is a worthwhile endeavor but, for chefs and restaurant owners, there are some additional considerations before adopting natural cooking methods and serving organic foods:

  • If you are going to run an organic restaurant, 95 percent of the food you are going to serve must be organic. This includes the herbs, spices, flour, butter, oil and practically everything you use in cooking meals.
  • As much as you would like to turn organic, it can be difficult if you don’t have sufficient budget. Organic ingredients can be a bit more expensive than regular ingredients. If you own your kitchen or restaurant, you can adjust your budget accordingly. It’s a different story, however, if you are working for someone else. The cost of ingredients may increase by about 30–50 percent, a significant concern for a traditional restaurant. This won’t be a problem, though, if your restaurant already is an organic one; customers wanting an organic menu understand the additional costs of providing a green cuisine.

    Breads from Chef Matthew's kitchen

    Breads made with organic ingredients. Photo: Matthew J. Goudge.

  • Pastry chefs can also adopt natural cooking in their baking methods. If you need to prepare pastries in small quantities, you don’t have to use a large oven to bake them. This is why it is advisable that you have smaller ovens where you can bake a small quantity of breads, cakes, and pastries. In fact, you can even bake small items using your toaster oven.
  • Be prepared to give a sales pitch about your menu and methods to your customers. Not everyone understands the terms organic and natural cooking or green cuisine. Some may initially relate organic food or green cuisine to vegetarianism, or they may think of organic foods as dull and tasteless. You may need to be persuasive at first and adopt efficient marketing methods to sell your organic meals. But soon your menu will win over your customers with the superior quality and taste of organic foods and natural cooking methods.

Admittedly, organic foods are a bit more expensive and take more planning and effort than what we have come to expect from “normal” (processed, preserved, packaged, prepared, and fast) foods. But it’s a small price to pay in return for natural and healthy foods, and the delicious experience of eating a green cuisine.

Matthew J. Goudge, Executive Chef
Founder, Pro Chef 360
Created and maintained by the culinary minded
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Contributing Writer

Blue Planet Green Living (Home Page)

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